In this article, you’ll learn about what parts of the European Union’s Directive on Copyright will impact the use of social media for both businesses and individuals.
What Is the EU’s Directive on Copyright Article 17?
The EU Copyright Directive’s Article 17 (formerly Article 13), “Use of protected content by online content sharing service providers”, is making many people and companies very nervous.
The EU hasn’t updated copyright laws in almost 20 years. For the past 2 years, the European Council has been working on this Directive and recently passed Article 17 (known as Article 13 in draft). This article changes the way social media platforms will have to deal with copyrighted materials.
As it currently stands in Europe (and in the United States), owners of copyrighted content (videos, pictures, etc.) have to let the social media platform know of a violation and then the company pulls the content. The copyright owner has the right to bring a copyright infringement claim only against the person who wrongly uploaded the content; the platform has ‘safe harbor’ protection as being merely the host and not a part of the infringement.
With Article 17, the social media platform would now also be liable for copyright infringement. Let that sink in.
What does this look like? Let’s say Henrich Smith in Germany uploads a pirated version of the latest Avengers movie to YouTube. Not only can Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures sue Smith for copyright infringement, they can also sue YouTube. Or let’s say someone in Italy uploads a copyrighted picture to their Facebook page without the correct permission. Facebook could be held liable.
How Will Social Media Platforms Move Forward?
Obviously, companies (and users) are in an uproar over this new law. The financial impact of potentially being held liable to movie studios, musical artists, and others for copyright infringement is simply too high to imagine for a European startup or growing tech platform.
There are a couple of options for companies to consider:
- Prepay. Platforms like YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter could prepay studios and artists for copyrighted content. This would involve attempting to predict every piece of content that could potentially be uploaded. This option is unlikely.
- Give up the market. This option is potentially likely.
- Create filter systems to detect copyrighted content and require extensive proof of ownership before anything can be uploaded. This option is most likely.
The larger U.S.-based social media platforms likely already have the proper technology in place (like YouTube’s ContentID) or can afford to figure it out. But the impact is huge when you think of all of the places on the internet where people are uploading content, from the obvious ones already mentioned here to others like Amazon, OK Cupid, and many more.
While smaller companies that are less than 3 years old, have less than 5 million unique visitors per month on average, and bring in less than €10 million in annual revenue are exempt, the above options likely won’t be possible for middle-of-the-road companies trying to scale and compete with the bigger platforms that can afford the technology to filter—potentially stifling competition. This is another reason so many are against this new Directive.
What Types of Content Does the EU Copyright Directive Affect?
The EU Council has put out a press release stating that ‘some’ materials, such as memes, GIFs, and news article extracts, can be shared freely. The release also states that startups are subject to lighter obligations (as noted above).
However, once platforms start using filters for content, the reality is that users will have less access to content and potentially be unable to share their own content (even if they own it).
Creators and those running businesses through sharing content on social media will potentially have content blocked or will be left to find platforms that aren’t so strict. Many critics say Article 17 is a very slippery slope leading to censorship and surveillance.
The Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market, also known as the EU Copyright Directive, will change the face of social media in Europe and could eventually impact the world.
This law passed the European Parliament Plenary vote at the end of March and recently went through ratification by the European Council. The vote passed on April 15, and EU member states have up to 2 years to figure out implementation.
While this Directive only impacts Europe, there’s no doubt it could spread globally. Companies and users around the world are watching to see how this very unpopular law continues to progress.
*Nothing in this article is intended to be legal advice and is for educational purposes only.
What do you think? How deeply will Article 17 (formerly Article 13) affect your marketing strategies and tactics? How do you think platforms will respond? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
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About the authorSarah Kornblet
Sarah is an attorney for online entrepreneurs. After working in the ‘real world,’ she fell in love with online business and helping entrepreneurs achieve their dreams in a protected way.
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